Skin lesions could be a sign for a serious problem and it is extremely important to be monitored regularly. When new (or observed changes in existing) skin formations, lesions, moles, melanoma, parasitic infections, psoriasis, nail diseases, scalp and skin changes, it is important that they be examined by a specialist. The purpose of the study is a thorough examination of the surface layers of the skin and the pigment formations on it. This procedure is called dermatoscopy.
Dermatoscopy is a non-invasive method for examining the upper layers of the skin, allowing a drastic increase in skin structures and more detailed observation than is possible with a simple eye examination. The dermatoscope consists of a magnifying glass that magnifies the image up to 10 times, a light source, a transparent plate, and sometimes a liquid medium between the instrument and the skin. This technique is useful in dermatological examinations to distinguish benign lesions, especially in the diagnosis of melanoma. Digital dermatoscopic images are stored and compared with images obtained during the next patient ‘s visit.
There are no risks for the patient during the examination and no special preparation is required for its implementation, except for the skin to be well cleansed. In many cases, this remains the only one method in diagnosing pigmented lesions and reduces the need for biopsy.